Sociology questions and answers for upcoming MA entrance examination. This will also assist the students & aspirants of Ph.d, M.Phil, UPSC, IAS, Civil Services, Eligibility tests & UGC-SET to crack their competitive exams!
Mock Sociology Questions and Answers for MA Entrance Exams
1. Sometimes an office brings the status. Among the following, to which office higher status is attached?
(a) Deputy Commissioner who made a fortune during his tenure at a particular place by unlawful means.
(b) Pan-bidi seller who pays income tax much higher than his other neighbouring shopkeepers
(c) A well-dressed person
(d) A teacher of known scholarship
2. Caste system was status oriented. Which of the following statements you think is correct?
(a) It ascribed a status for Brahmins
(b) Brahmins were given special privileges
(c) The society was made dependent on priests
(d) The people were made to believe in social hierarchy
3. A first born child may be given a special treatment by his parents. How do you describe it?
(a) Child enjoys the prestige
(b) Status is ascribed to him
(c) It shows the esteem of the parents
(d) The manner of introducing him to society
4. Caste system was role oriented. Which of the following statements you thing is correct?
(a) It gave humble role to Shudra
(b) Society was divided into the role-groups
(c) Role of every group was fixed
(d) Role of an individual depended on his merit
5. Social values are important because these:
(a) give legitimacy to social behaviour
(b) promote group harmonies
(c) promote happy life
(d) do not touch social arrangements
6. Which one of the following is not correct about norms?
(a) these are formed for all situations
(b) these are not formed for all situations
(c) scope of norms varies from one group to the other
(d) group norms have relevance to purpose
7. Social values indicate-
(a) group standards
(b) institutional standards
(c) community standards
(d) cultural standards
8. Which one of the following is not the characteristic of norms?
(a) their scope varies from group to group
(b) norms operative in one system can be operative in another system as well
(c) norms operative in one system cannot be operative in another system
(d) some of these cannot be applied under all situations
9. What are cultural standards that indicate the general good deemed desirable for organized social life?
(b) Goal pattern
10. Norms of one society-
(a) do not differ from those of another
(b) can differ radically from those of another society
(c) slightly differ from other societies
(d) have no relevance with the other society
11. Which one of the following is not true of deviant behaviour?
(a) It increases when society becomes more complex
(b) It is never socially useful
(c) Certain groups are more prone than the others
(d) It is related to personal attitudes
12. Deviant behaviour is linked with certain situations; which one of the following is not true?
(d) Individual norms
13. Deviant behaviour is one in which:
(a) There is failure to conform to norms of the society
(b) there is failure to accept newly set norms of the society
(c) Failure to accept newly set norms of the elites of the society
(d) None of the above
14. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of deviant behaviour?
(a) It disturbs social equilibrium
(b) It contravenes social norms
(c) It is a departure from usual mode of behaviour
(d) It is a departure from newly developed set of behaviour
15. Overt force, as sanction is used:
(a) By legitimate authority in the name of an individual
(b) As moral force in the name of whole society
(c) As moral force in the name of an individual
(d) By legitimate authority in the name of whole society
16. Whose work is ‘mind, self and society’?
(a) Elton Mayor
(c) G.H Mead
(d) Margaret Mead
17. Socialization refers to-
(a) the process of growth from infancy to childhood
(b) the process of personality development in the family only
(c) a life-long process whereby person learns social roles and values
(d) the formality of enrollment as a member of a society
18. Which of the following is the sufficient condition for the development of self?
(a) social interaction
(b) satisfaction of biological and emotional needs of the child
(c) rearing of child in circumstances of near isolation
(d) all of the above
19. Socialization process in human beings takes place-
(a) during childhood
(b) during young age
(c) for the whole life
(d) at different intervals
20. Which of the following is not an agency of socialization?
21. Identify reference group from the following:
(a) membership group
(b) a group from which one draws one’s norms and values
(c) non-membership group
(d) a group often referred to in conversation
22. Which one of the following is not an important hindrance on the path of social integration?
(a) Conditions existing at the time of entry in society
(b) Number of persons involved
(c) Physical growth of the immigrants
(d) Approach to current political problems
23. Which one of the following is not the basic condition for promoting assimilation?
(a) Appreciation of each other’s cultural heritage
(b) Coming together on a platform
(c) Favourable climatic conditions
(d) Equal economic standards
24. Which one of the following is not the basic condition responsible for promoting assimilation?
(b) Political ideology
(c) Social contacts
(d) Cultural similarity
25. “Acculturation is a process whereby societies of different cultures are modified through fairly close and long continued contacts but without complete blending of two cultures.” This was said by-
(a) Gillin and Gillin
(b) Sheriff and Sheriff
(c) Merill and Eldrege
(d) Dowson and Gettys
26. Acculturation of culture starts when meetings are of-
(a) Continuous but of short duration
(b) Continuous and of long duration
(c) Occasional and of short duration
(d) Occasional but of long duration
27. _____ means cohabitation with one or more women who are distinct from wife or wives.
(b) Non-fraternal polyandry
(d) Sororal polygyny
28. Vivaha the Hindu word for marriage means_______________.
(c) Carrying away
29. The performance of_____ is an essential condition of Hindu marriage.
(a) dowry ceremony
(d) none of the above
30. In Muslim form of marriage, divorce can be obtained ___________.
(a) by signing a document
(b) by merely repeating ‘talaq’ three times in the presence of at least two witnesses
(c) by ‘mubarat’
(d) in the court
31. When the father gifts his daughter to a man, after duly honouring him and exhorts the couple to perform their dharma together, it is called ____________ marriage.
32. Which one of the following theories about the origin of the family believed that in the past offering of wife or daughter to a guest was considered as a mark of hospitality?
(d) Sex communism
33. “The Mother” was written by:
(a) L.H. Morgan
(d) Gillin and Gillin
34. A family in which an individual is born is known as-
(a) procreation family
(b) monogamous family
(c) orientation family
(d) extended family
35. Which one of the following theories believed that origin of family is based on the philosophy of possession of women by men?
(a) Multi-factor theory
(b) Patriarchal theory
(c) Polygamy theory
(d) Theory of sex communism
36. The type of the family in which father is the source of authority is known as:
37. Which of the following acted as a cause of the decay of the patriarchal family?
(a) Economic factor
(b) Effect of scientific discoveries
(c) Cultural factors
(d) All of the above
38. Which of the following is NOT a feature of modern family?
(a) Change in man-women relationship
(b) Diluted control of the marriage contract
(c) Laxity in the sex relationship
(d) Bigger family structure
39. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of modern family?
(a) Less religious control
(b) Separation of non-essential functions
(c) Smaller family
(d) Anti-filiocentric family
40. In a type of family where children’s wishes dominate and direct the family policy is called-
(a) filocentric family
(b) complicated family
(d) weak family
41. Which of the following is a factor leading to divorce?
(a) Decline and decay of social values
(b) Falling social protection
(c) Unbalanced marriage
(d) All of the above
42. “A joint family is a group of people who generally live under one roof, who eat food cooked at one hearth, who hold properly in common and who participate in common worship and are related to each other as some particular type of kindred.” is a definition given by-
43. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the joint family?
(a) Large size of the family
(b) Joint property
(c) Individual residence
(d) Co-operative organisation
44. Which of the following mentioned factors can be held as the merit of the joint family?
(a) Rapid economic progress
(b) Division of labour
(c) Economy in expenditure
(d) Opportunity for leisure
45. Which of the factors mentioned below can be held as the merit of joint family?
(a) Social Insurance
(b) Ideal of Socialism
(c) Social Virtues
(d) All of the above
46. Which one of the following statements is correct?
(a) There is no trace of the origin of the family
(b) Divine inspiration has led to the origin of the family
(c) Social contract made the families exist
(d) None of the above
47. If all the clans of a tribe are constituted into just two phratries, then the emergent type of social structure is called dual organisation and each phratry is called_____________.
(d) none of the above
48. ___________ is a bilateral consanguineal kin group.
49. In __________, ego inherits some but not all of his father’s consanguineal relatives, and also the corresponding consanguineal relatives of his mother.
(a) patrilineal descent
(b) unilateral descent
(c) double decent
(d) bilateral descent
50. If a common ancestor is the binder among a people, they are called _________.
51. In which of the following tribes, clan does not exist?
52. The social classes are large groups of people who differ from each other by their relation to the means of social production. Whose view is this?
(b) Ralph Dahrendorf
53. Marx differentiated various classes in ______________.
(a) objective terms
(b) subjective terms
(c) both subjective and objective terms
(d) absolute terms
54. From Marxian perspective, political power derives from-
(a) economic power
(b) social prestige
(c) landed property
(d) religious sanction
55. The person who gives service to the Jajman is called-
56. According to Marx, a class which has come into being but which is not yet conscious of its fundamental interests is a _____________.
(a) class in itself
(b) class for itself
(d) none of the above
57. Which one of the following is NOT true about the efforts being made by the government about tribal people?
(a) New educational institutions are being opened for them
(b) Tribal areas are being linked with the cities
(c) Pure drinking water is being provided
(d) Tribal culture is being disfigured
58. In India since independence the policy of the government of India about tribal people has been:
(a) to preserve their culture
(b) to underestimate their culture
(c) to end their culture
(d) none of the above
59. The percentage of reservation of seats for tribal population in India is:
(a) 7 1/2 %
(c) 12 1/2%
60. Which one of the following is NOT true about tribes in India about reservation of seats? These are reserved-
(a) in all elected bodies
(b) in the Lok Sabha
(c) in educational institutions
(d) in the Rajya Sabha
61. In an agrarian society the people worshipped in:
(a) the temple
(b) nature’s gods
(c) nature in the temples
(d) nature in the open
62. Which of the following was a good effect of capitalism on the social life of the people?
(a) High standard of living
(b) Rapid economic progress
(c) Civilization achieved progress
(d) All of the above
63. Which of the following is an evil effect of capitalism?
(a) Greed for wealth
(b) Protection of traditional human values
(c) A way to materialism
(d) No show of artificiality
64. Which of the following statements are correct in the case of capitalism?
(a) Capitalism led to the ruin of human values
(b) Materialism was nourished by capitalism
(c) Capitalism transformed modern culture into mere artificiality
(d) All of the above
65. Which of the following is the Latin word from which the word property has been derived?
66. “Property consists of goods and services that society gives an individual or group of individuals the exclusive right to possess, use and dispose of.” This definition is given by-
(b) Anderson and Parker
67. In the deserts, villages exist at long distances. Mark out the reasons among the following for such a situation-
(a) People do not like to live in the desert
(b) The absence of communication and transport does not encourage the development of villages
(c) The climate is hot
(d) In the sand nothing grows
68. To whom do you attribute these words?
The main characteristic of the city is its complexity. “The city is a very complicated system of religious, cultural, political, economic, and recreational activities, with highly stratified organizations, its population are differentiated by origin, status, education and behaviour pattern”.
(b) Arnold Green
(c) Gist and Halbert
69. Which one of the following is true about accommodation but not of assimilation?
(a) The process can be sudden
(b) It must pass through stages
(c) It is a slow process
(d) It is not deliberate
70. Which one of the following is true about assimilation but not of accommodation?
(a) More or less permanent arrangement
(b) It is a temporary arrangement
(c) Whole process can be sudden
(d) It is a conscious process
71. Which one of the following is not an important hindrance in the process of assimilation?
(a) Feeling of superiority by one community
(b) Inferiority complex of one community
(c) Desire to exist as a semi-community
(d) Desire to achieve high-living standard
72. In Hindu form of marriage, when a father gifts his daughter to a learned man of good character, it is called _____________ marriage.
73. The marriage of one man with several sisters is called _____________.
(c) Sororal polygyny
(d) Adelphic polygyny
74. In _____, one woman has many husbands with all of them she co-habits in turn and it is not necessary that these husbands are brothers.
(a) Adelphic polyandry
(b) non-fatemal polyandry
75. Seduction of a girl who is asleep is called ______________ marriage.
76. The system of marriage in which a man can have more than one wife is known as:
77. Whose name out of the following is NOT associated with the theory of polygamy?
(d) E. A. Ross
78. Type of the family in which descent starts with the mother is known as:
79. Which one of the following is NOT an important cause of weakness of modern family?
(a) There is considerable technological advancement
(b) There is rapid industrialisation
(c) There is trend towards urbanisation
(d) The society has under-estimated the need of regulation of marriage
80. A family in which individual gets married is known as:
(a) orientation family
(b) procreation family
(c) patronymic family
(d) none of these
81. Which one of the following theories believed that the family started with patriarch?
82. Whose name is associated with the theory of primitive promiscuism?
(a) L. H. Morgan
(b) J.G. Frazer
(c) R. Briffault
83. The systems under which marriage between blood relations was not forbidden is known as:
84. Joint family system is weakening because:
(a) government is now favouring it
(b) the people have started disliking it
(c) the religious leaders are propagating it
(d) the land does not need manpower
85. In the traditional family the head of the family-
(a) was most democratic
(b) was more or less autocrat
(c) had no control over the family
(d) was obeyed as and when liked by the members of the family
86. Which one of the following was NOT a solid factor in giving birth to family life?
(a) Individuals needed family for procreation
(b) Sexual urge
(c) Economic needs compelled them to live in family
(d) To develop common language
87. In determining consanguineous kinship, it is not the___________ that is important but________.
(a) social recognition, biological fact
(b) blood ties, marriage ties
(c) biological fact, social recognition
(d) reproduction, sexual gratification
88. Among which tribe, the bow and arrow presentation ceremony is followed to determine fatherhood of the child?
(c) Andaman Islanders
89. Who of the following has said about the rule of descent that “By law or well established customs, the rule of descent automatically defines some rights of inheritance”?
(a) Maclver and Page
(b) Ogbum and Nimkoff
(c) H.M. Johnson
(d) A. Dumont
90. The descendants of a common female ancestress are called ____________.
(c) uterine kin
(d) collateral kin
91. Father is a term in kinship-
92. Who first used the term ‘Rites de passage”?
(c) A. Van Gennep
93. Under____________, each group within a village is expected to give certain standardised services to the other castes.
(b) Jajmani system
94. According to Weber _____________ within each of the main classes would forestall any move in the direction of internal unity and coherence.
(a) pressure groups
(b) power blocs
(c) status groups
95. Which of the following terms has been identified as a dimension of accorded status by most sociologists?
(b) Social class
96. Who said this? ‘The differential distribution of authority leads to class formation and class conflict’.
(a) Karl Papper
(b) Ralph Dahrendorf
(c) Karl Mark
(d) Wright Mills
97. Which one of the following is NOT one of the characteristics of tribal religion?
(a) Worship of nature
(b) Immortality of soul
(c) No faith in rebirth
(d) Respect for the totem
98. Among the Khasias of Assam common type of family is:
99. Which one of the following is NOT one of the features of tribal economy?
(a) Agriculture is their main occupation
(b) Technological advancement has not been used
(c) Economy and religion have been completely separated from each other
(d) It is more collective than individualistic
100. Totem is a mystical tribal ___________.
101. In tribal society conjugal family is one which consists of:
(a) husband, wife and children
(b) husband, wife, children and their near relatives
(c) only male members
(d) only female members
102. Which of the following is NOT an essential characteristic of capitalism?
(a) No restriction on the use of resources
(b) Lack of state control over population
(d) Production for the public welfare and not for maximizing the profit
103. Invention of money-
(a) Provided a fillip to the development of trade and commerce
(b) Strengthened the barter system
(c) Discouraged the people interested in hoarding and storing
(d) Helped the ‘black marketeers.’
104. Money provided greater freedom to-
(a) Employers only
(b) Workers only
(c) Employers as well as workers
(d) The market mechanism
105. Adam Smith explained four principles of capitalism. Which of the following is NOT such a principle?
(a) Doctrine of self-interest
(b) Laissez-faire policy
(c) Theory of competition
(d) Concept of regularisation
106. Which of the following is NOT a feature of capitalism?
(a) Private property
(b) Large scale production
(c) Profit institution
(d) Absence of competition
107. All rivers are not contributory to the development of civilization and culture. Mark out among the following, the type of rivers which are contributory to the development of civilization and culture.
(a) The rivers flowing in speed from the very high altitudes
(b) The rivers that flow over the long plains smoothly
(c) The rivers that change their course every now and then
(d) The rivers with large quagmire
108. Mark out the correct statement:
(a) Urban people are tolerant regarding beliefs, taste and opinion
(b) Urban people due to a sense of insecurity are more fatalistic
(c) Urban people are basically dishonest
(d) Urban community is marked by primary contact
109. Who of the following will cherish isolation?
(a) A business manage
(b) An office goer
(c) A saint
(d) An engineer
110. Physical isolation these days is becoming meaningless. Which one of the following is not an important cause?
(a) Developed means of transportation
(b) Network of communication
(c) Universal political ideology
(d) Mass media
111. Social value of isolation is-
(c) Both positive and negative
(d) Neither positive nor negative
112. Which one of the following is not covered under the category of organic isolation?
113. Which tribe calls the cross-cousin marriage as dudhlautawa’, return of milk?
(b) Gond of Madhya Pradesh
114. According to Levi Strauss, the rule of marrying one’s mother’s brother’s daughter may only be expected in ______________ families.
115. In Muslim marriage, if wife and husband separate by mutual consent it is called-
116. When a prospective son-in-law makes the gift of a bull and cow to the girl’s father before receiving her as a gift it is called __________ marriage.
117. The type of family in which after marriage husband moves to the residence to wife is known as-
(a) matrilocal residence
(b) patrilocal residence
(c) changing residence
(d) matrilineal family
118. Which one of the following is NOT the essential function of the family?
(a) It gives its members love and sympathy
(b) It tries to socialise its members
(c) It helps in the preservance of social customs
(d) It tries to promote religious feelings
119. Which of the following is NOT a salient feature of the family?
(a) It is universal
(b) It is found in all societies
(c) In it members have primary emotions only for each other
(d) It is a small sized organisation