Tag Archives | Demography

Demography: Meaning, Scope and Importance | Sociology

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Demography 2. Definitions of Demography 3. Scope 4. Importance. Meaning of Demography: The word ‘Demography’ is a combination of two Greek words, ‘Demos’ meaning people and ‘Graphy’ meaning science. Thus demography is the science of people. In the middle of the nineteenth century in […]

5 Main Factors Affecting the Fertility in Women

This article throws light upon the five main factors affecting fertility in women. The factors are: 1. Biological Factors 2. Physiological Factors 3. Social Factors 4. Economic Factors 5. Family Planning.   1. Biological Factors: Biological factors like age and sex are very important in affecting fertility. Fecundity depends on the woman and her age. […]

Mortality: Factors Affecting and Causes of Decline

After reading this article you will learn about factors affecting and causes of decline of mortality rates. Factors Affecting Mortality: Mortality or death is affected by a variety of factors. They may be biological, physiological, environmental, etc. From the demographic view point, mortality is related to the age and sex of an individual. There is […]

Measuring Birth Rate: Top 10 Methods

This article throws light upon the top ten methods used for measuring birth rate. The methods are: 1. Crude Birth Rate 2. Corrected Birth Rate 3. General Fertility Rate 4. Age Specific Fertility 5. Total Fertility Rate 6. Gross Reproduction Rate 7. Net Reproduction Rate 8. Completed Fertility Rate 9. Standardised Fertility Rate (SFR) 10. […]

Quick Notes on Population Pyramid

Population Pyramid: When the age structure of population is classified by sex in the form of a histogram, it is called age-sex pyramid. The base of the pyramid shows very low age starting from zero, it increases as we move upwards. The top of the pyramid shows the maximum age above 85 years. Population pyramids […]