Probable sociology questions and answers for upcoming UGC-NET examination. This will also assist the students & aspirants of UPSC, IAS, Civil Services, Eligibility tests & UGC-SET to crack their competitive exams!
Sociology Questions and Answers for UGC-NET
Sociology Question # 1. In evolutionary theories, cultural parallels are explained through
(b) Psychic unity of mankind
(c) Similarity of environment
(d) Similarity of thought and space
Sociology Question # 2. Which among the following is not the three stages of social evolution as identified by L.H. Morgan?
Sociology Question # 3. Who among the following considers evolution in legal system as a key to social evolution?
(b) H. Maine
Sociology Question # 4. A sociological theory is a set of ideas which provides an explanation for
(a) continental society
(b) human society
(c) human behaviour
(d) global society
Sociology Question # 5. Methodological tool of Emile Durkheim is
(b) Social fact
(d) Division of labour
Sociology Question # 6. For Sumner, the groups with which the individual identifies himself are his
(a) living group
(b) group identity
(d) belonging group
Sociology Question # 7. Ross in 1905, formulated a list of_______, social processes.
Sociology Question # 8. Which among the following is not true regarding role?
(a) Role is a set of expectation
(b) One role cannot be defined without referring to another
(c) Role is not a set of expectations
(d) There cannot be a parent without child
Sociology Question # 9. Which of the following are the characteristics of society?
4. System of interrelationships
5. Common culture
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 4 and 5
(c) 2, 3, 4 and 5
(d) 1, 4 and 5
Sociology Question # 10. Which among the following consists of concepts (ideas, notions, doctrine, interests) and a structure?
11. The system of secondary marriage is found in
12. Mythical ancestors are common in
(a) Clans and phratries
(b) Clans and joint family
(c) Clans and lineage
(d) Phratries and lineage
13. A phratry is a grouping of clans which are related by traditions of
(b) Common descent
(d) Family tradition
14. Families in which both husband and wife have careers are called
(a) Achieved family
(b) Career family
(c) Goal oriented family
(d) Dual Career family
15. The social relationship deriving from blood ties, real and supposed, and marriages are collectively referred to as
(d) Joint family
16. According to 1991 census how many person lived in towns and cities?
(a) over 23 crore
(b) over 35 crore
(c) over 18 crore
(d) over 19 crore
17. Percentage of population living in urban areas accounting for_____ of the total population, according to 1991 census.
18. In the process of urbanisation, the concept of ‘Community Living Land’ became.
(a) Goal oriented
19. The problem of pollution is becoming increasingly acute with the rise of urbanisation on account of which of these following reasons.
1. Indiscriminate growth of industrial and chemical plants inspite of the efforts through legal measure to check such growth.
2. Pre-industrial structure of cities with narrow streets and roads, which have become defective and inefficient in regulating traffic
3. Lack of effective and systematic use pattern on account of scarce land and its commercial speculation
4. High rise buildings, representing vertical growth of cities, ultimately causing high density of population, congestion on roads and pollution.
(a) 1, 4
(b) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 3 and 4
20. ‘Air pollution has assumed such alarming proportions in several cities and rural areas around the world that merely breathing the air in Bombay is now equivalent to smoking ten cigarettes a day’. This observation is made by
(a) Maharashtra Pollution Control Board
(b) World Watch Institute
(c) World Health Organisation
(d) National Commission on Environment
21. Who has conceptualised power as the capacity to mobilise the resources of society for attainment of goals for which a general public commitment has been made?
(c) Talcott Parsons
(d) C. Wright Mills
22. According to Goffman, whenever individuals in a given setting exhibit mutual awareness of one another’s presence, it is a case of
(b) social relationship
(c) unfocussed interaction
(d) social bonding
23. Which one of the following is not appropriate concept?
(b) Legitimate authority
(d) Legitimate order
24. The process by which national integration is achieved by recognising the separate but equal status of the various constituents of a nation is called
(d) two-nation theory
25. Which one of the following is not a characteristic feature of the bureaucratic authority?
(a) Continuous organisation
26. While studying a society in which state has Srinivas given the concept of sanskritization?
(c) Tamil Nadu
27. Name the book where Srinivas for the first time has given the concept of sanskritization.
(a) Caste and Inequality
(b) Caste and Economic Frontier
(c) Religion and Society among the Coorgs
(d) Indian Social Structure
28. Who among the following were not presenting an example of sanskritization in any sociological studies?
(a) Distillers of Orissa
(b) Chamars of Agra
(c) Gond tribe of Madhya Pradesh
(d) Shukla Brahmis of east Uttar Pradesh
29. Caste is associated with an agrarian economy and that changes in this economy will lead to the disappearance of caste. Who held this opinion?
(a) Marx and Weber
(b) A. Beteille and Srinivas
(c) Dumont and Weber
30. Who among the following group of sociologist challenge the view of Marx and Weber that changes in agrarian economy will lead to disappearance of caste?
(a) Srinivas and A. Beteille
(b) Srinivas and Dubey
(c) Dumont and Srinivas
(d) Dumont and Dubey
31. Who among the following has studied tribe of Madgascar?
(b) Abraham Kardiner
(c) Radcliffe Brown
(d) Raymond Firth
32. Which among the following were specialised in carpentry, tool making and pottery?
33. Who among the following has advocated “Irrigation System”?
(a) Richard centres
(b) P. Sorokin
(c) Alfred Weber
34. Mundas name their slash burn cultivation as
35. The book “Clash of Civilization” is written by
(b) Richard centres
(d) Arnold Toyenbee
36. Who distinguished two patterns of speech naming them elaborated and restricted codes?
(a) B. Bernstein
(d) None of these
37. The method of comparing different societies or groups within the same society to show whether and why they are similar of different in certain respects (for e.g. Durkheim’s and Weber’s methods) is referred to as
(a) social survey
(c) comparative method
(d) none of these
38. Who pioneered the method of multivariate analysis in sociology?
(a) Karl Marx
(b) Emile Durkheim
(c) Max Weber
(d) Robert K. Merton
39. Can you identify who among the following matches the above description?
French philosopher, moralist and sociologist, he collaborated with Saint Simon from 1817 to 1823 and corresponded with J.S. Mill. He divided sociology into social statics and social dynamics and elaborated the law of the three stages of human thought: theological, metaphysical and positive.
(a) August Comte
(b) Herbert Spencer
(d) A.N. Whitehead
40. A concept is
(a) a notion
(b) an idea
(c) a descriptive property or relation
(d) all of these
41. In a positively skewed distribution the value of mean is:
42. Skewness is present in:
(a) Mean = Median = Mode
(b) Mean = Median = Mode
(c) Both a × b
(d) None of the above
43. The per capita income of India from 1950 to 1900 is four times. This study is:
44. Picking up small variable units and making a general prediction upon their study is called:
(c) Primary data
(d) Secondary data
45. Which of the following statement is correct?
(a) A.m. < G.m. < H.m.
(b) A.m. > G.m. > H.m.
(c) G.m. > A.m. < H.m.
(d) A.m. > G.m. < H.m.
46. The following is the weighted Aggregative indices:
(d) All the three
47. Constructed reality is:
(A) the ability to control the behavior of others.
(B) the principle that meaning derives from social interaction in daily life.
(C) the observed consequences that permit the adaptation or adjustment of a system.
(D) an artificial explanation of culture that exists apart from any social reality or shared social meaning.
48. In the library, Louanne observes a woman sitting at a table by herself. A man comes up and sits at the other end of the table. The woman frowns and shakes her head “no.” The man gets up and moves to another table. Louanne concludes that the woman did not want to share a study table. The theoretical perspective Louanne is using is:
(A) the conflict perspective.
(B) the functionalist perspective.
(C) the interactionist perspective.
(D) none of the above.
49. In her research on nannies, Wrigley:
(A) was easily able to tap into the social world of nannies and their relationships with their employers.
(B) used field methods of intensive interviewing and participant observation.
(C) found nannies eager to talk to her, even to be tape recorded.
(D) was unable to speak with employers because of their busy schedules.
50. Deriving the word from Latin ‘socius’ and the Greek ‘logos’, he in his classification of the sciences made sociology both logically and chronologically posterior to the other sciences as the least general and most complex of all who was he?
(B) Herbert Spencer
(C) Auguste Comte