Are you preparing for UGC-NET JRF examination? Here are few questions on sociology that are more likely to come in UGC-NET JRF exam of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab, Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland.
1. Who has made distinction between normal and pathological function?
(b) Radcliffe Brown
(c) T. Parsons
2. Who has made distinction between latent and manifest function?
(b) R.K. Merton
(d) T. Parsons
3. The book ‘Social Theory and Social Structure’ belongs to
(a) R.K. Merton
(b) Talcott Parsons
(d) A. Schaffle
4. The distinction between Sociology and Social Anthropology has little meaning in
(a) Industrial society
(b) Society which is neither primitive nor industrially advanced
(c) Agrarian society
(d) Post-industrial society
5. The book ‘Sociology’ is written by
(b) M. Ginsberg
(c) J.S. Mills
6. Which among the following is not true regarding value?
(a) Values guide a person’s behaviour
(b) Values guide a person’s judgment
(c) Values are unimportant parts of culture.
(d) Values are an important part of every culture.
7. Which among the following is not true regarding norm?
(a) A norm is a rule
(b) A norm is a standard for action
(c) A norm is a pattern for action
(d) A norm is a value
8. The concept of Folkways and Mores are forwarded by
(b) H.M. Johnson
(d) W.G. Sumner
9. _______ refers to norms that are looked on by the members of society as not being extremely important and may be violated without any severe punishment.
10.________ are the norms that are looked on by the members of a society as being extremely important and violation of which results in severe punishment.
11. If sibs are sub-divided into groups with known historical ancestors, they are called
12. In_______ adoption is not any right to inheritance.
13. The Ho as a tribe are endogamous. The tribe is divided into exogamous clans known as ______ which are often associated with totemism.
14. Permanent settlement of 1793 created in Bengal, and later in other parts of India provided
(a) Tenants the right of ownership
(b) Definite proprietary rights for the zamindars.
(c) Abolition of zamindari system
(d) Abolition of share-cropping system
15. The book ‘Equality’ which examines in detail the inequalities of wealth and income and their connection with the class system is written by
(a) Andre Beteille
(c) R.H. Tawney
16. The book “Rich and the Super Rich” is written by
(a) F. Lundberg
(b) C.W. Mills
(c) J. Burnham
(d) W. Pareto
17. Which among the following is not a pattern of settlement in rural areas?
(b) Scattering of homesteads
(c) Linear settlement
18. The most common type of settlement is
19. Depending upon the political culture and orientations of political elites, political structures may be divided into the
1. Traditional oligarchies
2. Totalitarian oligarchies
3. Modernising oligarchies
4. Tutelary democracies
5. Political democracies
(a) 1, 3 and 5
(b) 1 and 5
(c) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
(d) 3 and 5
20. A political system usually performs some well – defined functions. The major functions of a political system may be categorised into two broad headings. They are
(a) Function and dysfunction
(b) Structure and function
(c) Input and output function
(d) Political and economic function
21. ‘A stratification system is based on permanent, hereditary groupings. It is normatively closed and status is assigned by ascription’. Identify.
(a) Estate system
(b) Priestly system
(c) Caste system
(d) Close system
22. The type of stratification system in which ‘social position is based on relationship to land, birth and military strength’ is called
(a) Estate system
(b) Land lords
23. Who among the following has written detailed account of 36 tribal movement in India, and said that 14 were in North-East region alone?
(a) S.M. Dubey
(b) K.S. Singh
(c) T.N. Madan
(d) D.N. Majumdar
24. The S.N.D.P. Movement in Kerala was a
(a) Reformist movement
(b) Insurgent movement
(c) Cultural movement
(d) Religious movement
25. At first, horticulture _______ the food obtained by hunting, fishing and gathering.
26. The primary difference between horticultural and agricultural economic systems lies in
(a) the degree to which lands tend to be permanently and continuously productive
(b) the system of exchange
(c) the system of consumption
(d) the horticulture economy facilitating the differentiation
27. According to the 1991 census, India’s population was
(a) 650 million
(b) 844 million
(c) 1000 million
(d) 400 million
28. India is the second most populous country in the world, ranking only after
29. A perpetual state of hostility between two corporate groups, marked by homicide or violence whenever members of the groups meet is best understood by the term
30. From among the foreign groups mentioned below, identify the one among which parallel cousin marriage is permitted.
(a) The Greeks
(b) The Israelis
(c) The Arabs
(d) The Nepalis
31. Introspection is a method of educational psychology helps us to collect data about the:
(a) Conscious experiences of a subject
(b) Structural aspects of a subject
(c) Unconscious experience of an individual
(d) Unstructural aspects of a subject
32. The observational method in all social situations:
(a) Involves considerable training in the method of observation
(b) require experimental facilities to observe large groups at a time
(c) in the easiest to be adopted by teachers who observe children every time.
(d) can be adopted in the case of adults ‘literate persons only’.
33. Consider the following statements:
Change in traditional joint family in India is marked by changes in-
1. property holding and residence
2. genealogical structure
3. the conjugal bond
4. numerical size
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(A) 1 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 1, 2 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4
34. Consider the following legislations:
1. The Special Marriage Act
2. The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act
3. The Indian Succession Act
4. The Child Marriage Restraint Act
What is the correct chronological sequence of the above Acts?
35. Which among the following is an instance of role conflict?
(A) Working Mother
(B) Working Father
(C) Priest being communist leader
(D) Husband being gangster
36. Consider the following reasons:
1. Birth-rate has not changed at all over the past 50 years
2. Although birth-rate has declined, the decline in death rate has been faster
3. While the birth-rate has been declining, death rate has stagnated over time
4. Decline in death rate preceded the decline in birth-rate by almost half a century
Which of the above accounts for the rapid growth of population in India?
(A) 2 and 4
(B) 1 and 2
(C) 1 and 4
(D) 3 and 4
37. Which among the following statements about the Fifth Schedule is incorrect?
(A) The Fifth Schedule applies to the Scheduled Areas which have been specified in eight states
(B) Under the Fifth Schedule, laws passed by Parliament or the State Legislature apply automatically to Scheduled Areas unless the Governor declares it otherwise in respect of law or part of thereof
(C) The Fifth Schedule confers substantial powers on the Governor which in practice are exercisable with the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers
(D) None of the above
38. Which of the following is applicable to Pareto’s Logical Action?
(A) Subjectively logical action
(B) Objectively logical action
(C) Both subjectively and objectively logical action
(D) None of the above
39. The following social thinkers have made great contribution to sociology. What is the chronological order in which they appeared?
B. August Comte
D. Talcott Parsons
(a) B, A, C, D
(b) A, B, C, D
(c) C, A, B, D
(d) D, C, B, A
40. In the development of functional school of sociology in what order would you put the following?
A. August Comte
(a) A, B, C, D
(b) D, C, B, A
(c) A, C, B, D
(d) A, D, C, B
41. Holistic approach in Sociology is a:
(a) Structural functional approach
(b) Cultural approach
(c) Evolutionary approach
(d) Diffusionist approach
42. In Sociology, ‘Society’ refers to the:
(a) Members of a specific in-group
(b) Pattern of the norms of interaction
(c) Congregation of people
(d) People with laws and customs
43. First scientific step towards growth of language is believed to be:
(a) Voice of sages
44. Cultural trait is:
(a) Material culture
(b) Non-material culture
(c) A simple unit of culture
(d) A complex unit of culture
45. Who defined culture as that complex whole which includes knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, law, custom and many other capabilities acquired by man as a member of society?
(c) Redcliffe Brown
46. Which of the following is not applicable to audience?
(a) All members are supposed to be passive
(b) All members are supposed to be active
(c) There is some code of conduct
(d) Intellect guides the people
47. In primary relationship, the parties have similar desires and attitude, they strive for similar things and can be together without conflict. This is called:
(a) Identity of ends
(d) None of the above
48. The difference between an “in group” and “out group” is:
(a) That of degree
(b) That of kind
(c) Neither that of degree nor that of kind
(d) Both that of degree as well as that of kind
49. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of a crowd?
(a) It is transitory
(b) Its members must be physically present
(c) It is seldom organised
(d) It is always organised
50. The changes from the counter-ship to marriage is referred to as-
(b) perceived role
(c) internalized role
51. When incompatibility arises between two or more roles an individual is expected to perform in a given situation, the situation is called-
(a) incompatibility of roles
(b) counterfeit role
(d) antagonized role
52. “Equality of opportunity’ is an example of-
53. ______ includes folkways, ores and institutional ways of determining behaviour.
54. Sanctions are means for controlling:
(a) Human behaviour
(b) Elite behaviour
(c) Behaviour of the people
(d) Behaviour of middle class people
55. Sanctions help in _________.
(a) Maintaining continuity with the past
(b) Creating social insecurity
(c) Promoting impersonality
(d) Disassociating people from society
56. Which among the following is self-centered stage according to Jean Piaget’s view?
(a) 2 to 5 years
(b) 2 to 7 years
(c) 5 to 7 years
(d) 9 to 13 years
57. Who among the following believe that the age between five and seven is important in the development of the child?
(c) J. Piaget
58. “Competition is a contest to obtain something which does not exist in a quantity sufficient to meet the demand”. Who is the author of these words?
(a) E.S Bogardus
(b) H.T. Mazumdar
(c) Biesanz and Biesanz
(d) Sutherland, Woodward and Maxwell
59. Isolation is not liked because of several reasons. Which one of the following is not a reason?
(a) Because it provides time for serious thinking
(b) Because it helps in meditation
(c) Because it provides opportunities to hoodwink the people
(d) Because, it is used by the state for isolating criminals
60. Polygyny system in marriage started due to several reasons; which one of the following was NOT an important one?
(a) Ratio of the women being more than that of the men
(b) Ratio of the women being less than those of the men
(c) Keeping more women became status symbol with the feudal lords
(d) The desire to satisfy sexual urge
61. In which of the following societies Polygyny is NOT common?
(a) The Hebrews
(b) The Eskimos
(c) The Hindus
(d) The Muslims
62. Which one of the following is NOT the optional but compulsory function of family?
(a) It develops cultural activities
(b) It provides recreation to members
(c) It arranges education for the children
(d) It gives protection to the young
63. I. H. Morgan’s name is associated with-
(a) patriarchal theory
(b) matriarchal theory
(c) primitive promiscuism theory
(d) none of the above
64. Those kin, who branch out from main ‘lineal kin’ like uncles and cousins, are called-
(a) collateral kin
(b) tertiary kin
(c) uterine kin
(d) patri-matrilinear kin
65. _________ always prescribes some extent of inheritance of property.
(a) Rules of residence
66. As a basis for conflict with the dominant class what did Marx wish to see created among the depressed strata?
(a) A closeness of spirit
(c) Awareness of their pathetic state
(d) A sense of identical class interest
67. ‘Caste is a Brahmanic chid of Indo Aryan culture cradled in the land of the Ganges and thence transferred to other parts of India’, who has said this?
68. In the Indian constitution and laws efforts are being made to uplift the tribals. Which of the following is not true?
(a) seats have been reserved for them in educational institutions
(b) seats have been reserved in government service employment
(c) seats have been reserved in all private undertakings
(d) seats have been reserved for them in all government aided bodies.
69. Which one of the following is NOT one of the chief characteristic of tribe?
(a) The members have blood relationship
(b) Religion does not play any important part in it
(c) It has a common name
(d) Members worship common ancestors
70. Factory system was a quick success on account of-
(a) willing cooperation of the people
(b) less market competition
(c) low prices of the goods produced
(d) quick means of transportation of goods